About the Shaikh Mohammadi tribe
Shaikh Mohammadi is a tribe, who live in all
Afghanistan and surrounding countries.
They are originally nomads, (Kutschi) until last century the largest part
of them had no constant domicile. The Shaikh Mohammadi
regard themselves as children of Shaikh Mohammad, (peace be upon him) well know
as Rohani Baba, whose burial place is in Zormat by Paktia.
Rohani Baba was not only a holy and a mental leader in east Afghanistan,
but also a welfare practical man, his mental power and knowledge over healing of
diseases announced him all over the country, some of his children
inherited this art of the healing and
practice it even today .they belong to a
sub-group of Sheich Mohammadi (Kabila) , which is called
Faqir . Although the Sheikh Mohammadi are as nomads moving poeple, they
prove two substantial differences to the classical nomads in Afghanistan:
movement from Shekh Mohammadi in winter and in summer had much more an economic
background and not a climatic like by nomads who operated cattle breeding,
example they bought fabrics and
household article from Jalalabad and Kabul to sell them in Sarai Khawaja , there
they could buy dried fruits and rice, which were sold on the
way again in Kabul, from there they could buy
imported goods from China and India, which they could sell in Jalalabad.
Many commodity which the Sheikh Mohammadi sold in remote villages,
were also available on the bazaars, but the
Sheihk Mohammadi did not
sold their commodity on the bazaars
, they go from the house to house, so they could sell their commodity directly to
the housewives, who were not usually in many regions allowed to go on the
Shaikh Mohammadi traveled as nomads to all over
Afghanistan and offered their goods, they are in terms of numbers not
particularly large, therefore they are to the average Afghans
little well-known, this is also the reason, why they found a little
attention by scientific research in
Afghanistan and by foreign
Shaikh Mohammadi live in different regions , they have
little contact among themselves, there
was no organization, which could bring them together, this lack is
now eliminated by the
establishment of the council of
Shaikh Mohammadi tribe
Shaikh Mohammadi are organized in sub groups (Kabila), which are
usually named according to the way of their living or residence or
profession, here we see some sub
groups of Sheikh Mohammadi and a short explanation of their names::
Faqir: This group practices
like Rohani Baba the healing of
Refers to Shaikh Mohammadi in region of Charabagh in province Laghman
Nadaf Khel: This group is
called according to their profession, a Nadaf clean with the help of a special
instrument the cotton and give it more volume.
Kolukhi: Designates Shaikh
Mohammadi, who had built their houses from loam (= Koluch).
Designates the Shaikh Mohammadi, who live in Maskurah province Laghman
Designates Shaikh Mohammadi, which followed the occupation of repairing.
Khel: Babar means hairy, hereby are
designated Shaikh Mohammadi, who carried very long hair.
means gold, there is no explanation,
why this group designated by Shaikh Mohammadi in such a way.
sub-groups of Shaikh Mohammadi are used only for the internal identification and
affiliation, outward it has no
Sheikh Mohammadi has a secret language named Adurgahri.
life of Sheikh Mohammadi today does not differ any longer from all other Afghans
, during the war it was no longer
possibility for travelling, therefore they became today nearly all established, the
largest part operate today in large cities wholesale and /or.
Retail trade, the new generations have however studied, they
are Doktors, physician, attorney, architect, economist etc.